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The Sudlon Marker, Let Us Rededicate It.

“Heroism is not to be found in foreign lands, but in our own birthplace, Cebu.”-CEBUpedia. CEBUpedia wrote a three series article on “SUDLON, Historical Landmark” (May 3,6 and 8, 2019). It is taken from an article in the book, CEBU: History of its Four Cities & Forty Nine Municipalities authored by the Brains of the Cebu City Charter, Lawyer Gervasio Lira Lavilles in 1965.

Dedicating the sacred land for future generations, students of the Cebu Junior College, University of the Philippines in 1941 placed a marker of the heroism of the KKK Cebu. The revolutionaries who fought of what was thought to be undefeatable.

Sudlon, became the headquarters of the regrouped forces that was dispersed after the assassination of Leon Kilat (Pantaleon Villegas) by the leaders of Carcar, Cebu on April 8, 1898.

It became the stronghold against the Spanish forces and the Americans who replaced them after we were sold by Spain to the United States via the document, Treaty of Paris signed on December 10, 1898.

The Cebuanos of the past were not cowards, they loved Cebu and freedom more than the comforts and the fanaticism of the Spanish and American invaders. That is why it is revolting and insulting to Cebuano history for Cebuano leaders kowtowing and licking ass to Imperial Manila or any emissary from the Presidential Palace arrogantly trampling of Cebu’s heritage and integrity.

This is the simple yet heartfelt text of the marker, a summation of the bravery of the Cebuanos of the past:

“This tablet marks the spot, Sudlon, the last stronghold of the Filipino forces in Cebu against the American Invasion”.

The Cebu City’s Cultural and Historical Affairs Office (CHAO) is urged to support this vision of rededicating the marker in honor of the KKK Sugbo.

This is an excerpt of the article of Publio S. Piedad: 

“After the untimely death of Pantaleon Villegas, better known as General Leon Kilat (he took overall command of the Cebuano Revolutionary Forcers after the declaration of hostilities against Spain on April 3, 1898), the remaining strength under his command dispersed. Later, these forces regrouped and established headquarters in the vastness of Sudlon. Using this spot as a base of operations, they attacked the Spaniards in the lowlands.

(When the Americans arrived) the Revolucionarios, then, were to face a much stronger enemy who had superior arms and more manpower. The intensive bombardment from the American warships “Boston”, “Charleston”, “Baltimore” and “Managnoc” gave the Insurgents a foretaste of what has to come. Their advance post at San Nicolas had to be withdrawn to Pardo Church, making the crossroad at Kinasang-an as no-man’s. But here they lasted barely a week.

They retreated first to Habuyo and then to Mahayahay where they exacted heavy losses on the enemy. However, the American assaults became more and more intense. The Insurrectos began to look for a place where they could put up a unified stand. It was then that the entire Revolutionary force in the province was concentrated in the hazardous hills of Sudlon.

The strategic advantage of the place was great. There were only two possible approaches to Sudlon and both could be guarded with a minimum number of men. In the rear was Bitlang Pass, which was placed under the charge of Captain Rafael Tabal. On the mainline along the Bagakay Ridge to the peak (now called Sip-ak or Bandila) where the Revolutionary flag was flying, the Insurgents entrenched themselves under the joint command of General P. del Rosario. The Aliño brothers, Col. Angel Libre (who was still living when the book was published) and a few ranking officers of the force. Cannons were mounted on the rocks, while the riflemen and those armed with bolos, spears, piles of stones, bows and arrows stood behind-guarding the narrow gorge that leads to Sudlon proper where General Arcadio Maxilom (now commander of the Cebu Revolutionary Force) headquarters was located.”

Cebu is the birthplace of heroes. Long live the Cebuanos.